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Developmental Counseling And Therapy: Usage Of Cognitive Styles On Pscyhological Counseling

Year 2023, Volume: 7 Issue: 1, 1 - 22, 29.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.48066/kusob.1021033

Abstract

Developmental Counseling and Therapy is one of the approaches that attracts increasing attention in the world today in the field of psychological counseling. In this approach, which was inspired by Socrates and Piaget, the concept of cognitive styles comes to the fore. Developmental Counseling and Therapy is an approach that helps in understanding the concept of cognitive styles and the way the client perceives himself and the world in the counseling process and in making appropriate interventions. Emphasizing the helping style used by the counselor in addition to the client's developmental style in the counseling process, it makes significant contributions to the counseling process with the concepts of horizontal and vertical development. Developmental Counseling and Therapy is an approach with proven effectiveness in different areas such as both adult and child counseling process and school counseling process. Therefore, in this study, cognitive styles were introduced by considering the theoretical background of Developmental Counseling and Therapy, and examples for clients using these styles were given. In addition, the approach's view of human nature and different cognitive styles in the therapeutic process and appropriate interventions are discussed by giving examples and relevant researches are included. In this study, which was created by reviewing the literature, it was aimed to include practical information for practitioners in the psychological counseling.

References

  • Arıcıoğlu, A. (2008). Psikolojik danışman adaylarının yardım etme stilleri (Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara.
  • Barrio, C. A., & Myers, J. E. (2008). Cognitive style and theoretical orientation: Factors affecting intervention style interest and use. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 30(4), 330-344. https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.30.4.5626315033866460
  • Barrio Minton, C. A., Myers, J. E., & Paredes, D. M. (2016). Developmental Counseling and Therapy: The promise for counselor preparation. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy,3(1), 12-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/2326716X.2015.1113903
  • Cashwell, C. S., Myers, J. E., & Shurts, W. M. (2004). Using the developmental counseling and therapy model to work with a client in spiritual bypass: Some preliminary considerations. Journal of Counseling & Development, 82(4), 403-409. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2004.tb00327.x
  • Chang, C. Y. (2002). Integrating family counseling theories and techniques with Developmental Counseling and Therapy, (ED465937). ERIC. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED465937
  • Clarke, P. B., & Myers, J. E. (2012). Developmental counseling and therapy: A promising intervention for preventing relapse with substance-abusing clients. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 34(4), 308–321. https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.34.4.l78w073660m16q72
  • Clemens, E. (2007). Developmental counseling and therapy as a model for school counselor consultation with teachers. Professional School Counseling, 10(4); 352-359, https://doi.org/10.1177/2156759X0701000408
  • Crespi, T. D., & Generali, M. M. (1995). Constructivist developmental theory and therapy: Implications for counseling adolescents. Adolescence, 30(119), 735-744. PMID: 7484356.
  • Çivitci, N., & Arıcıoğlu, A. (2012). Psikolojik danışman adaylarının yardım etme stilleri ve beş faktör kuramına dayalı bireylik özellikleri. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(23), 78-96. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/maeuefd/issue/19396/206020
  • Ivey, A. (1986). Developmental therapy: Theory into practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
  • Ivey, A. (1991). Developmental strategies for helpers: Individual, family and network interventions. Pacific Grove, CA: Brook.
  • Ivey, A. (1993). Developmental strategies for helpers. North Amherst, MA: Microtraining Associates.
  • Ivey, A. E., & Ivey, M. B. (1998). Reframing DSM‐IV: Positive strategies from developmental counseling and therapy. Journal of Counseling & Development, 76(3), 334-350.
  • Ivey, A. (1999). Developmental therapy. North Amherst, MA: Microtrainng Associate.
  • Ivey, A. E., & Goncalves, O. F. (1988). Developmental therapy: Integrating developmental processes into the clinical practice. Journal of Counseling & Development, 66(9), 406-413. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1988.tb00900.x
  • Ivey, A., & Ivey, M. B. (1990). Assessing and facilitating children's cognitive development: Developmental counseling and therapy in a case of child abuse. Journal of Counseling & Development, 68(3), 299-305. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1990.tb01377.x
  • Ivey, A. E., D'Andrea, M. J., & Ivey, M. B. (2011). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: A multicultural perspective: a multicultural perspective. California: Sage.
  • Ivey, A. E., Ivey, M. B., Myers, J. E., & Sweeney, T. J. (2013). Gelişimsel psikolojik danışma ve terapi: Yaşam boyu iyilik halini arttırmak. F. Korkut Owen, İngilizce ve Türkçe Edt.,(Orijinal kitabın basım tarihi 2005) Ankara: Türk PDRDER Yayınları.
  • Ivey, A., & Rigazio-Digilio, S. A. (2012). Developmental counseling and therapy: The basics of why it may be helpful and how to use it. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(32), 1-11. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tpdrd/issue/21452/229681
  • Karaırmak, Ö. & Korkut-Owen, F. (2009). Gelişimsel Psikolojik Danışma ve Terapi. F. K. Owen, R. Özyürek, & D. W. Owen (Eds.), Gelişen psikolojik danışma ve rehberlik: Meslekleşme sürecinde ilerlemeler (Cilt 2). (ss. 311-336) Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
  • Kemer, G., & Myers, J. E. (2011). Application of Developmental Counseling and Therapy to Turkish college students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 1153-1160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.225
  • Lane, R. (2008). Neural substrates of implicit and explicit emotional processes: A unifying framework for psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70, 214-231. Doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181647e44.
  • Lawson, G., Lambert, S. F., & Gressard, C. F. (2011). Reframing recovery: Developmental considerations for maintaining change. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 32(1‐2), 72-83. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1874.2011.tb00208.x
  • Marszalek, J. F., & Myers, J. E. (2006). Dream interpretation: A developmental counseling and therapy approach. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 28(1), 18-37. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/149232087.pdf.
  • Mitsutake, K., & Tamase, K. (1995). Assessment of cognitive-developmental levels in Developmental Counseling and Therapy theory and intervention. Japanese Journal of Counselling Science, 28, 143-153.
  • Myers, J. E., Shoffner, M. F., & Briggs, M. K. (2002). Developmental counseling and therapy: An effective approach to understanding and counseling children. Professional School Counseling, 5, 194-202. Retrieved from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1090.819&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  • Myers, J. (1998). Bibliotherapy and DCT: Co-constructing the thera- peutic metaphor. Journal of Counseling and Development, 76, 243-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1998.tb02539.x
  • Pisarik, C. T., Rowell, P. C., & Barrio, C. A. Understanding, Assessing, and Addressing Career Indecision: Applications of Developmental Counseling and Therapy (DCT). Tennessee Counseling Association Journal. 3(1), 41-50.
  • Pope, A. L., Mobley, A. K., & Myers, J. E. (2010). Integrating identities for same-sex attracted clients: Using developmental counseling and therapy to address sexual orientation conflicts. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 4(1), 32-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/15538600903552749
  • Rigazio-DiGilio, S. A., & Ivey, A. E. (1990). Developmental therapy and depressive disorders: Measuring cognitive levels through patient natural language. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 21(6), 470-475. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0735-7028.21.6.470
  • Strehorn, K. C. (1998). Examining services to postsecondary students with learning disabilities through the use of Ivey's Developmental Counseling and Therapy (DCT) model. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Massachusetts Amherst.
  • Sweeney, T. J., Myers, J. E., & Stephan, J. B. (2006). Integrating developmental counseling and therapy assessment with Adlerian early recollections. Journal of Individual Psychology, 62(3), 251-269. Retrieved from http://libres.uncg.edu/ir/uncg/f/J_Myers_Integrating_2006.pdf

Gelişimsel Psikolojik Danışma ve Terapi: Bilişsel Stillerin Psikolojik Danışmada Kullanımı

Year 2023, Volume: 7 Issue: 1, 1 - 22, 29.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.48066/kusob.1021033

Abstract

Gelişimsel Psikolojik Danışma ve Terapi (GPDT), günümüzde psikolojik danışma alanında dünyada giderek ilgi gören yaklaşımlardan biridir. Temelleri Sokrates ve Piaget’den esinlenerek oluşturulan bu yaklaşımda, bilişsel stiller kavramı ön plana çıkmaktadır. GPDT, bilişsel stiller kavramı ile psikolojik danışma sürecinde danışanın kendini ve dünyayı algılayış şeklini kavramada ve ona uygun müdahalelerde bulunmada yardımcı bir yaklaşımdır. Psikolojik danışma sürecinde danışanın gelişimsel stilinin yanında psikolojik danışmanın kullandığı yardım etme stilini de vurgu yaparak yatay ve dikey gelişim kavramlarıyla psikolojik danışma sürecine önemli katkılarda bulunmaktadır. GPDT, hem yetişkin, çocuk psikolojik danışma süreci hem de okul psikolojik danışma süreci gibi farklı alanlarda etkililiği kanıtlanmış bir yaklaşımdır. Bu nedenle bu çalışmada, GPDT’nin teorik alt yapısı ele alınarak, bilişsel stiller tanıtılmış, bu stilleri kullanan danışanlara yönelik örnekler verilmiştir. Ayrıca yaklaşımın insan doğasına bakışı ve terapötik süreçte farklı bilişsel stiller ve buna uygun müdahaleler örnekler verilerek ele alınmış ve ilgili araştırmalara yer verilmiştir. Alan yazın taraması yapılarak oluşturulan bu çalışmada psikolojik danışma sürecinde uygulamacılara yönelik pratik bilgilere yer verilmesi amaçlanmıştır.

References

  • Arıcıoğlu, A. (2008). Psikolojik danışman adaylarının yardım etme stilleri (Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara.
  • Barrio, C. A., & Myers, J. E. (2008). Cognitive style and theoretical orientation: Factors affecting intervention style interest and use. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 30(4), 330-344. https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.30.4.5626315033866460
  • Barrio Minton, C. A., Myers, J. E., & Paredes, D. M. (2016). Developmental Counseling and Therapy: The promise for counselor preparation. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy,3(1), 12-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/2326716X.2015.1113903
  • Cashwell, C. S., Myers, J. E., & Shurts, W. M. (2004). Using the developmental counseling and therapy model to work with a client in spiritual bypass: Some preliminary considerations. Journal of Counseling & Development, 82(4), 403-409. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2004.tb00327.x
  • Chang, C. Y. (2002). Integrating family counseling theories and techniques with Developmental Counseling and Therapy, (ED465937). ERIC. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED465937
  • Clarke, P. B., & Myers, J. E. (2012). Developmental counseling and therapy: A promising intervention for preventing relapse with substance-abusing clients. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 34(4), 308–321. https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.34.4.l78w073660m16q72
  • Clemens, E. (2007). Developmental counseling and therapy as a model for school counselor consultation with teachers. Professional School Counseling, 10(4); 352-359, https://doi.org/10.1177/2156759X0701000408
  • Crespi, T. D., & Generali, M. M. (1995). Constructivist developmental theory and therapy: Implications for counseling adolescents. Adolescence, 30(119), 735-744. PMID: 7484356.
  • Çivitci, N., & Arıcıoğlu, A. (2012). Psikolojik danışman adaylarının yardım etme stilleri ve beş faktör kuramına dayalı bireylik özellikleri. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 1(23), 78-96. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/maeuefd/issue/19396/206020
  • Ivey, A. (1986). Developmental therapy: Theory into practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
  • Ivey, A. (1991). Developmental strategies for helpers: Individual, family and network interventions. Pacific Grove, CA: Brook.
  • Ivey, A. (1993). Developmental strategies for helpers. North Amherst, MA: Microtraining Associates.
  • Ivey, A. E., & Ivey, M. B. (1998). Reframing DSM‐IV: Positive strategies from developmental counseling and therapy. Journal of Counseling & Development, 76(3), 334-350.
  • Ivey, A. (1999). Developmental therapy. North Amherst, MA: Microtrainng Associate.
  • Ivey, A. E., & Goncalves, O. F. (1988). Developmental therapy: Integrating developmental processes into the clinical practice. Journal of Counseling & Development, 66(9), 406-413. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1988.tb00900.x
  • Ivey, A., & Ivey, M. B. (1990). Assessing and facilitating children's cognitive development: Developmental counseling and therapy in a case of child abuse. Journal of Counseling & Development, 68(3), 299-305. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1990.tb01377.x
  • Ivey, A. E., D'Andrea, M. J., & Ivey, M. B. (2011). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: A multicultural perspective: a multicultural perspective. California: Sage.
  • Ivey, A. E., Ivey, M. B., Myers, J. E., & Sweeney, T. J. (2013). Gelişimsel psikolojik danışma ve terapi: Yaşam boyu iyilik halini arttırmak. F. Korkut Owen, İngilizce ve Türkçe Edt.,(Orijinal kitabın basım tarihi 2005) Ankara: Türk PDRDER Yayınları.
  • Ivey, A., & Rigazio-Digilio, S. A. (2012). Developmental counseling and therapy: The basics of why it may be helpful and how to use it. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(32), 1-11. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tpdrd/issue/21452/229681
  • Karaırmak, Ö. & Korkut-Owen, F. (2009). Gelişimsel Psikolojik Danışma ve Terapi. F. K. Owen, R. Özyürek, & D. W. Owen (Eds.), Gelişen psikolojik danışma ve rehberlik: Meslekleşme sürecinde ilerlemeler (Cilt 2). (ss. 311-336) Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
  • Kemer, G., & Myers, J. E. (2011). Application of Developmental Counseling and Therapy to Turkish college students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 1153-1160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.225
  • Lane, R. (2008). Neural substrates of implicit and explicit emotional processes: A unifying framework for psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70, 214-231. Doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181647e44.
  • Lawson, G., Lambert, S. F., & Gressard, C. F. (2011). Reframing recovery: Developmental considerations for maintaining change. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 32(1‐2), 72-83. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1874.2011.tb00208.x
  • Marszalek, J. F., & Myers, J. E. (2006). Dream interpretation: A developmental counseling and therapy approach. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 28(1), 18-37. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/149232087.pdf.
  • Mitsutake, K., & Tamase, K. (1995). Assessment of cognitive-developmental levels in Developmental Counseling and Therapy theory and intervention. Japanese Journal of Counselling Science, 28, 143-153.
  • Myers, J. E., Shoffner, M. F., & Briggs, M. K. (2002). Developmental counseling and therapy: An effective approach to understanding and counseling children. Professional School Counseling, 5, 194-202. Retrieved from https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1090.819&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  • Myers, J. (1998). Bibliotherapy and DCT: Co-constructing the thera- peutic metaphor. Journal of Counseling and Development, 76, 243-250. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.1998.tb02539.x
  • Pisarik, C. T., Rowell, P. C., & Barrio, C. A. Understanding, Assessing, and Addressing Career Indecision: Applications of Developmental Counseling and Therapy (DCT). Tennessee Counseling Association Journal. 3(1), 41-50.
  • Pope, A. L., Mobley, A. K., & Myers, J. E. (2010). Integrating identities for same-sex attracted clients: Using developmental counseling and therapy to address sexual orientation conflicts. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 4(1), 32-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/15538600903552749
  • Rigazio-DiGilio, S. A., & Ivey, A. E. (1990). Developmental therapy and depressive disorders: Measuring cognitive levels through patient natural language. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 21(6), 470-475. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0735-7028.21.6.470
  • Strehorn, K. C. (1998). Examining services to postsecondary students with learning disabilities through the use of Ivey's Developmental Counseling and Therapy (DCT) model. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Massachusetts Amherst.
  • Sweeney, T. J., Myers, J. E., & Stephan, J. B. (2006). Integrating developmental counseling and therapy assessment with Adlerian early recollections. Journal of Individual Psychology, 62(3), 251-269. Retrieved from http://libres.uncg.edu/ir/uncg/f/J_Myers_Integrating_2006.pdf

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Studies on Education, Psychology
Journal Section Derleme Makale
Authors

Zübeyde AKPAKIR 0000-0003-4920-3004

Fidan KORKUT OWEN 0000-0003-0144-1521

Early Pub Date June 25, 2023
Publication Date June 29, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 7 Issue: 1

Cite

APA AKPAKIR, Z., & KORKUT OWEN, F. (2023). Gelişimsel Psikolojik Danışma ve Terapi: Bilişsel Stillerin Psikolojik Danışmada Kullanımı. Kuram Ve Uygulamada Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 7(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.48066/kusob.1021033