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SOSYAL BECERİDE TOPLUMSAL CİNSİYET ROLLERİ VE CİNSİYET FARKLILIKLARI

Year 2021, Volume: 5 Issue: 2, 137 - 150, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.48066/kusob.890316

Abstract

Bu çalışmada yetişkin bireylerin sahip olduğu cinsiyet rollerine bağlı olarak sosyal beceri düzeylerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu doğrultuda Bem Cinsiyet Rolü Envanteri’yle belirlenen cinsiyet rol gruplarının sosyal beceri düzeyi açısından karşılaştırılması planlanmıştır. Çalışmaya 19-59 yaşları arasında (ort. = 27,92 ± 8,98 yıl) 137 kadın (% 59,3) ve 94 erkek (% 40,7) olmak üzere toplam 231 kişi katılmıştır. Katılımcılara Bem Cinsiyet Rolü Envanteri ve A Sosyal Beceri Ölçeği uygulanmıştır. Sonuçlara göre Bem Cinsiyet Rolü Envanteri ile oluşturulan cinsiyet rolü grupların sosyal beceri düzeyleri arasında farklılık vardır. Belirsiz grubunun sosyal beceri toplam puan ortalaması diğer gruplardan belirgin düzeyde düşüktür. Kişilerin kendi belirtikleri biyolojik cinsiyetlerine ilişkin grupların sosyal beceri düzeyleri arasında da farklılık vardır. Kadın grubunun sosyal beceri düzeyi erkek grubunun sosyal beceri düzeyinden yüksektir. Ayrıca, biyolojik cinsiyet grupları ile toplumsal cinsiyet rolleri grupları arasında A Sosyal Beceri Ölçeği puanı üzerinde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir etkileşim görülmemiştir.

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Gender Roles and Sex Differences in Social Skill

Year 2021, Volume: 5 Issue: 2, 137 - 150, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.48066/kusob.890316

Abstract

It’s aimed to examine the social skill levels based on adult individuals’ gender roles in this study. In this direction, it’s planned to compare the social skill levels of sex-role groups that determined via Bem Sex-Role Inventory. 137 female (59,3 %) and 94 male (40,7 %), in total 231 individual aged between 19-59 (mean = 27,92 ± 8,98 years) participated in study. Bem Sex-Role Inventory and A Social Skill Scale were used. According to the results, there is a significant difference between the social skill levels of sex-role groups that determined via Bem Sex-Role Inventory. The mean scores of undifferentiated group is significantly lower than the other sex-role groups. There is also a significant difference between the social skill levels of biological sex groups. Females’ social skill levels are significantly higher than males’. Also there were no statistically significant effects interactions between the biological sex groups and gender-roles groups on the A Social Skill Scale score.

References

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  • Avery, D. R. (2003). Personality as a predictor of the value of voice. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 137, 435-446.
  • Bassoff, E. S. ve Glass, G. V. (1982). The relationship between sex roles and mental health: a meta-analysis of twenty-six studies. The Counseling Psychologist, 10(4), 105-112.
  • Bates, P. (1980). The effectiveness of interpersonal skills training on the social skill acquisition of moderately and mildly retarded adults. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13(2), 237-248.
  • Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42(2), 155-162.
  • Bem, S. L. (1977). On the utility of alternative procedures for assessing psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 45(2), 196-205.
  • Bem, S. L. ve Lenney, E. (1976). Sex typing and the avoidance of cross-sex behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 33(1), 48-54.
  • Bem, S. L., Martyna, W. ve Watson, C. (1976). Sex typing and androgyny: further explorations of the expressive domain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 34(5), 1016-1023.
  • Berenbaum, S. A., Blakemore, J. E. O. ve Beltz, A. M. (2011). A role for biology in gender-related behavior. Sex Roles, 64(11-12), 804-825.
  • Bettis, P. J. ve Ferry, N. C. (2016). Gender identities and socialization. In N. A. Naples (Ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (pp. 1-4). Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Bijstra, J. O. ve Jackson, S. (1998). Social skills training with early adolescents: effects on social skills, well-being, self-esteem and coping. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 13(4), 569-583.
  • Campbell, M., Steffen, J. J. ve Langmeyer, D. (1981). Psychological androgyny and social competence. Psychological Reports, 48(2), 611-614.
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  • Cavell, T. A. (1990). Social adjustment, social performance, and social skills: a tri-component model of social competence. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19, 111-122.
  • Cheung, P. P., Siu, A. M. ve Brown, T. (2017). Measuring social skills of children and adolescents in a Chinese population: preliminary evidence on the reliability and validity of the translated Chinese version of the Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales (SSIS-RS-C). Research in Developmental Disabilities, 60, 187-197.
  • Chrisler, J. C. ve Lamer, S. A. (2016). Gender, definitions of. In N. A. Naples (Ed.), The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies (pp. 1-3). Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Conger, C. J. ve Keane, S. P. (1981). Social skills intervention in the treatment of isolated or withdrawn children. Psychological Bulletin, 90, 478-495.
  • Crespi, I. (2004). Socialization and gender roles within the family: a study on adolescents and their parents in Great Britain. MCFA Annals, 3, 1-8.
  • Deaux, K. (1984). From individual differences to social categories: analysis of a decades’ research on gender. American Psychologist, 39(2), 105-116.
  • Dedovic, K., Wadiwalla, M., Engert, V. ve Pruessner, J. C. (2009). The role of sex and gender socialization in stress reactivity. Developmental Psychology, 45(1), 45-55.
  • DeLucia, J. L. (1987). Gender role identity and dating behavior: what is the relationship? Sex Roles, 17, 153-161.
  • DiTommaso, E., Brannen-McNulty, C., Ross, L. ve Burgess, M. (2003). Attachment styles, social skills and loneliness in young adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(2), 303-312.
  • Dökmen, Y. Z. (1999). Bem Cinsiyet Rolü Envanteri Kadınsılık ve Erkeksilik Ölçekleri Türkçe formunun psikometrik özellikleri. Kriz Dergisi, 7(1), 27-40.
  • Dubow, E. F. ve Tisak, J. (1989). The relation between stressful life events and adjustment in elementary school children: the role of social support and social problem-solving skills. Child Development, 60(6), 1412-1423.
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  • Eichinger, J. (2000). Job stress and satisfaction among special education teachers: E ects of gender and social role orientation. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 47, 397-412.
  • Eisenberg, N. ve Miller, P. A. (1987). The relation of empathy to prosocial and related behaviors. Psychological Bulletin, 101(1), 91-119.
  • Eisend, M. (2019). Gender roles. Journal of Advertising, 48(1), 72-80.
  • Elliott, S. N. ve Gresham, F. M. (1993). Social skills interventions for children. Behavior Modification, 17(3), 287-313.
  • Elliott, S. N., Hwang, Y. S. ve Wang, J. (2019). Teachers' ratings of social skills and problem behaviors as concurrent predictors of students' bullying behavior. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 60, 119-126.
  • Elliott, S. N., Malecki, C. K. ve Demaray, M. K. (2001). New directions in social skills assessment and intervention for elementary and middle school students. Exceptionality, 9(1-2), 19-32.
  • Flaherty, J. F. ve Dusek, J. B. (1980). An investigation of the relationship between psychological androgyny and components of self-concept. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38(6), 984-992.
  • Flett, G. L., Krames, L. ve Vredenburg, K. (2009). Personality characteristics in clinical depression and remitted depression: An analysis of instrumental-agentic and expressive communal characteristics. Current Psychology, 28, 240-248.
  • Fugitt, J. L., Ham, L. S. ve Bridges, A. J. (2017). Undifferentiated gender role orientation, drinking motives, and increased alcohol use in men and women. Substance Use and Misuse, 52(6), 760-772.
  • Gallén, Á. G., Aznar, C. T. ve Aranda, E. R. (2019). Assessing gender stereotypes and sexual risk practices in men who have sex with men. Gaceta Sanitaria, 32, 519-525.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Araştırma Makaleleri
Authors

Ecenur TEMELLİ 0000-0002-0635-9749

Dilara MURAT BÜYÜK 0000-0003-1249-4936

Arkun TATAR 0000-0002-2369-9040

Project Number Yok
Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021Volume: 5 Issue: 2

Cite

APA TEMELLİ, E., MURAT BÜYÜK, D., & TATAR, A. (2021). SOSYAL BECERİDE TOPLUMSAL CİNSİYET ROLLERİ VE CİNSİYET FARKLILIKLARI. Kuram Ve Uygulamada Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 5(2), 137-150. https://doi.org/10.48066/kusob.890316